While Dogecoin started out as a joke between two blockchain devs, it’s grown into a hugely popular cryptocurrency - with a circulating supply of more than 132 billion coins and a dedicated subreddit with more than 2.2 million Doge fans hodling for the moon. But like all cryptocurrencies - you’ll pay tax on Dogecoin no matter where you live. We’re looking at everything you need to know about the OG of meme coins, including Dogecoin tax and how Koinly can help.
What is Dogecoin?
Dogecoin was created by software engineers Billy Markus and Jackson Palmer in 2013 as a joke.
The engineers were disenfranchised with the crypto market and set out to prove that anyone could make a cryptocurrency and so Dogecoin was born, based on the beloved Shiba doge meme.
Depending on how you see it - the joke backfired because the internet loved it and began heavily investing in Dogecoin, attracting more than a million visitors within the first month of launch.
While the popularity of the coin has surged and plunged variously since its inception, it’s got a die-hard following and some notable celebrity fans including Elon Musk, Snoop Dogg and Gene Simmons.
Despite the strange backstory - you can do everything with Doge that you can do with other cryptocurrencies. You can buy, sell and trade Dogecoin on all major crypto exchanges, as well as mine Dogecoin like you’d mine Bitcoin, but without the expensive equipment! You can even add Dogecoin to liquidity pools and some other DeFi protocols by wrapping it.
Of course, when you make any of the transactions above with Dogecoin, you might need to pay taxes. But the type of tax you’ll pay will depend on the specific transaction and where you live. Here’s what you need to know about Dogecoin taxes.
You’re probably wondering, is Dogecoin taxed? Can you even tax a meme coin?
Yes. Dogecoin is taxed just like any other cryptocurrency. This means that you’ll pay either Income Tax or Capital Gains Tax on your Dogecoin, depending on the transaction you make and where you live. Let’s take a quick look at both kinds of tax on Dogecoin.
Capital Gains Tax on Dogecoin
Each tax office has a slightly different take on Dogecoin taxes, but almost all of them view cryptocurrencies like Dogecoin as a kind of capital asset - like a stock or a rental property.
Because of this view, Dogecoin is subject to the Capital Gains Tax rules. This means anytime you dispose of an asset - like Dogecoin - you’ll pay Capital Gains Tax on any profit you make, also known as a capital gain. Disposals of Dogecoin include:
- Selling Dogecoin for fiat currency like USD or GBP.
- Trading Dogecoin for another cryptocurrency like ADA or XRP.
- Spending Dogecoin on goods and services.
- Gifting Dogecoin - depending on where you live.
Like we said above - you’ll only pay Capital Gains Tax on any capital gain you make. A capital gain or loss is the difference in value between when you bought or acquired your Dogecoin and when you sold it.
So, if you sold your Dogecoin for a higher amount than you bought it for, you have a capital gain. Meanwhile, if your Dogecoin had dropped in price from when you bought it, you have a capital loss. You won’t pay any tax on capital losses - though you can offset losses against gains.
If you didn’t actually sell your Dogecoin, but disposed of it by trading it, spending it or gifting it - take the fair market value of your Dogecoin in your chosen fiat currency on the day you disposed of it and subtract your cost basis from that to calculate your gain or loss.
The amount of Capital Gains Tax you’ll pay on Dogecoin depends on where you live and how long you’ve held your Dogecoin. Each country has its own Capital Gains Tax rate and many countries have separate short-term and long-term Capital Gains Tax rates. In general, the longer you HODL the less tax you’ll pay on Dogecoin.
Income Tax on Dogecoin
Crypto can also be subject to Income Tax for specific transactions. The rules on this vary a bit more from country to country. For example, some countries tax hobby crypto mining as income, while others only tax crypto mining businesses.
However, in general, you’ll pay Income Tax whenever you’re seen to be ‘earning’ new Dogecoins. Some examples of this include:
- Getting paid in Dogecoin.
- Mining Dogecoin - depending on the scale.
- Dogecoin airdrops.
- Dogecoin referral bonuses from affiliate schemes.
- Earning liquidity pool tokens or interest by adding Dogecoin to liquidity pools.
If your transaction is viewed as income, calculating your income from Dogecoin is easy. Simply take the fair market value of Dogecoin at the time you received it in your chosen fiat currency - i.e. USD. You’ll pay Income Tax on this amount at your normal Income Tax rate.
Even if you’ve paid Income Tax on Dogecoin, you’ll still pay Capital Gains Tax on any profits when you later spend, swap, sell or gift Dogecoin. So you'll be paying tax twice in some instances.
As we said above, the rules on what is considered income vary quite a bit depending on where you live and your tax office. Let’s break each transaction down a little further to see how different tax offices might view your Dogecoin income.
Getting paid in Dogecoin tax
If you’re getting paid in Dogecoin - like Dogecoin millionaire Glauber Contessoto - wherever you live, this is going to be viewed like any other salary. It’ll be seen as income and subject to Income Tax, as well as other wage levies like National Insurance or Social Security.
Mining Dogecoin taxes
Tax on mining Dogecoin and other cryptocurrencies generally depends on the scale at which you’re mining. Many countries don’t apply income tax to hobby miners - so those doing it at a small scale making little or no profit. This said, some other countries have taken a harsher stance on Dogecoin mining tax and tax all crypto mining activities under Income Tax. For example:
- USA: You’ll pay Income Tax on mined Dogecoins. You’ll also pay Capital Gains Tax when you later sell, trade or spend mined Dogecoins.
- UK: You’ll pay Income Tax on mined Dogecoins. You’ll also pay Capital Gains Tax when you later sell, trade, spend or gift mined Dogecoins.
- Australia: Dogecoin hobby miners won’t pay Income Tax on mined Dogecoins. You will however pay Capital Gains Tax when you later sell, trade, spend or gift mined Dogecoins.
- Canada: Dogecoin hobby miners won’t pay Income Tax on mined Dogecoins. You will however pay Capital Gains Tax when you later sell, trade, spend or gift mined Dogecoins. Because Canada uses the adjusted cost basis method - the cost basis of your Dogecoin is zero, so you’ll pay Capital Gains Tax on all proceeds from mined Dogecoins.
Learn more about crypto mining tax around the world.
Dogecoin airdrops tax
Like mining, each tax office has a slightly different view on whether airdrops are a kind of income or not. In summary:
- USA: Airdrops of Dogecoin are income and you’ll pay Income Tax based on the fair market value of DOGE in USD on the day you receive them. You’ll also pay Capital Gains Tax when you later sell, trade or spend your DOGE.
- UK: Airdrops of Dogecoin are income when you did something in return for the airdrop - for example, shared a social media post or used a specific crypto exchange. You’ll pay Income Tax based on the fair market value of DOGE in GBP on the day you receive them. You’ll also pay Capital Gains Tax when you later sell, trade, spend or gift your DOGE.
- Australia: Airdrops of Dogecoin are income and you’ll pay Income Tax based on the fair market value of DOGE in AUD on the day you receive them. You’ll also pay Capital Gains Tax when you later sell, trade, spend or gift your DOGE.
- Canada: Airdrops of Dogecoin are not income and aren’t subject to Income Tax - provided you’re trading as an individual. When you later sell, spend, swap or gift your DOGE, you’ll pay Capital Gains Tax. As Canada uses the adjusted cost basis rule, the cost basis for your airdropped DOGE is zero, so you’ll pay Capital Gains Tax on all proceeds from Dogecoins received in an airdrop.
Learn more about crypto airdrops taxes.
Dogecoin affiliate scheme tax
Some schemes will pay you out a referral bonus in crypto - like DOGE - to promote their service or product. These are known as affiliate schemes.
Most tax offices don’t have specific guidance on crypto affiliate schemes - however, regular proceeds from more traditional affiliate schemes are usually viewed as additional income. This would make it subject to Income Tax. Dogecoin referral bonuses would therefore likely be viewed as income by the majority of tax offices around the world and subject to Income Tax.
Dogecoin DeFi Tax
Most tax offices haven’t actually clarified specific DeFi tax guidelines yet and Dogecoin is quite new to the DeFi space due to the fact that it isn’t native to the Ethereum blockchain.
However, there are some protocols - like REN - that effectively allow DOGE to be wrapped and used on the Ethereum blockchain as renDOGE. Similarly, there are a couple of semi-decentralized liquidity pools - like Binance Liquid Swap - that allow you to add DOGE to liquidity pools and earn rewards.
Though there isn’t specific tax treatment on DOGE DeFi from tax offices just yet - we can break down the likely tax treatment of these transactions based on the current crypto tax guidance.
In general, you’re going to pay Income Tax when you’re seen to be earning new Dogecoins or other new liquidity pool tokens. Meanwhile, you’ll pay Capital Gains Tax when you’re seen to be selling or trading DOGE - even if that’s just trading your DOGE for renDOGE.
Learn more about DeFi taxes.
Is Dogecoin tax free?
Will you always pay tax on Dogecoin? What about when you’re buying Dogecoin or transferring Dogecoin?
There’s some good news after all that Dogecoin tax information - you won’t always pay tax on Dogecoin. Some tax free Dogecoin transactions include:
- Buying Dogecoin with fiat currency - like USD or AUD.
- HODLing Dogecoin - in most countries.
- Transferring Dogecoin between your own wallets.
- Donating Dogecoin to registered charities.
Manage Dogecoin taxes with a crypto tax app
Looking for an easy way to manage tax on Dogecoin and other cryptocurrencies?
Koinly crypto tax software can help. Simply sync the crypto wallets, exchanges and blockchains you use with Koinly and let it do the rest. It’ll calculate your crypto taxes including your income, capital gains and losses and expenses for you - based on where you live and in your chosen fiat currency.
All you need to do is download your crypto tax report from the tax reports page. Koinly can generate tax reports based on where you live - for example, IRS Form 8949 and Schedule D for US investors or the ATO myTax report for Australian investors.
- Dogecoin was the first meme coin and remains a popular cryptocurrency.
- Dogecoin is taxed just like any other cryptocurrency - under Income Tax or Capital Gains Tax.
- You'll pay Capital Gains Tax on any profit from selling, trading, spending or gifting your Dogecoin.
- You'll pay Income Tax on Dogecoin income - like mining, airdrops and referral bonuses.
- Buying, HODLing, transferring and donating Dogecoin is tax free.